That is yet to be tested, but Streptomyces are certainly fit for more purposes than poetic walks after the rain. They are the most important source of antibiotics .
What is an antibiotic? By definition, it is a substance produced by one organism that is capable of inhibiting the growth or destroying other organisms – a direct translation from Greek would be ‘anti-life.’ In nature, this yields Streptomyces a competitive advantage. Astonishingly, they are responsible for nearly two-thirds of natural antibiotics .
For instance, Streptomyces griseus produces Streptomycin, the first antibiotic against tuberculosis, and a drug of choice against the agent of Plague Yersinia pestis, along with 28 other pathogenic bacteria species . Streptomyces avermitilis helps keep parasites in check with its potent avermectins, and Chloramphenicol – a drug effective against 92 pathogens, is produced by Streptomyces venezuelae.