Gideon (www.GideonOnline.com) notes that a single Indian case (1980) of human fascioliasis was published in the world’s literature during 1969 to 1989. Subsequent cases were reported in upper Assam (published in 1997) , Bihar and Uttar Pradesh (published in 2001). Two cases were treated at a hospital in Vellore during a three-month period (2012 publication). Fascioliasis is common among dairy animals in the northwest Himalayan region and the Kashmir valley. In the latter area, sheep harbor both Fasciola hepatica and F. gigantica. F. gigantica has also been identified in Indian buffaloes (Bos bubalis). Eleven published surveys found that 0.32 to 24.3 of animals (ovines, bovines, deer) in various areas of India are infested. [1,2]
Lymnaea (Fossaria) truncatula is the Indian reservoir for Fasciola hepatica; and Ly. acuminata and Ly. auricularia the reservoirs for F. gigantica.
Further details and primary references are available on request.
- Berger S. Infectious Diseases of India, 2017. 533 pages, 89 graphs, 5,763 references. https://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/country/infectious-diseases-of-india/
- Berger S. Hepatobiliary Trematodes: Global Status, 2017. 87 pages, 1,193 references. Gideon e-books. https://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/disease/hepatobiliary-trematodes-global-status/