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Bacillus Cereus Food Poisoning in the United States

The following background information on Bacillus cereus food poisoning in the United States is abstracted from Gideon www.GideonOnline.com the Gideon e-book series. [1] (primary references available on request)

Incidence and Prevalence:
– Bacillus cereus food poisoning accounts for approximately 2% of food-related disease outbreaks with confirmed etiology reported to CDC (United States Centers for Disease Control) .
– In one study, The estimated incidence was 27,360 cases per year (8 hospitalizations), accounting for 0.2% of all food-borne illness. A subsequent study estimated yearly incidence at 63,623 cases (2010 publication).

Year(s) / Reported outbreaks / Outbreak cases
1969 / 3 / 14
1971 / 0
1972 / 0
1973 / 1 / 2
1974 / 1 / 11
1975 / 3 / 45
1976 / 2 / 63
1980 / 9 *
1981 / 8 **
1993 to 1997 / 14 / 691
1998 to 2002 / 37 / 571
2006 / 13 / 72
2007 / 19 / 164
2008 / 15 / 122
* Included such vehicles as beef, turkey and Mexican foods
** Most involved rice and shellfish

Published outbreaks:
1976 (publication year) – An outbreak (4 cases) was associated with contaminated vegetable sprouts.
1981 (publication year) – An outbreak (4 cases) at a cafeteria was ascribed to contaminated macaroni-and-cheese.
1985 – An outbreak (11 cases) was associated with a Japanese restaurant in Maine.
1988 (publication year) – An outbreak at a Rhode Island nursing home was associated with consumption of beef stew.
1989 – An outbreak was reported at a catered wedding reception in California.
1993 (publication year) – An outbreak (139 cases) was associated with pork served at a university field day.
1993 – An outbreak among children and staff at two day-care centers in Virginia was associated with contaminated fried rice.
1998 – An outbreak (7 cases) at a church day school in Texas was ascribed to rice contaminated by handling.

References:
1. Berger SA. Infectious Diseases of the United States, 2011. 1030 pp, 464 graphs, 8237 references. Gideon e-books, http://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/country/infectious-diseases-of-the-united-states/

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