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African Trypanosomiasis among Tourists

In October, 2008 an American tourist in Tanzania acquired trypanosomiasis. At least 40 such cases have been reported since 1970. The following chronology is abstracted from Gideon. Note that the country of disease acquisition was reported in 37 cases – of which Tanzania accounted for 18 and Malawi 11.

Year:
1970 – A case of trypanosomiasis was reported in Switzerland.
1970 – Two American tourists acquired trypanosomiasis while in Kenya and Rwanda.
1975 – A Swedish tourist acquired trypanosomiasis in Gambia.
1977 – A case of trypanosomiasis was reported in Switzerland.
1981 – An American acquired trypanosomiasis in Tanzania.
1990 (publication year) – Two Swiss nationals acquired trypanosomiasis in Rwanda.
1997 – A Brazilian acquired trypanosomiasis in Angola.
1998 – An Australian acquired trypanosomiasis in Tanzania.
2000 – One American and one British national acquired trypanosomiasis in Tanzania.
2001 – Eleven persons acquired trypanosomiasis in Tanzania: three Dutch, two Italians, and one each Swedish, Norwegian, Belgian, South African, American and British.
2001 – A British national acquired trypanosomiasis in Zambia.
2004 – Two British brothers acquired trypanosomiasis in Tanzania.
2004 – Two Italians acquired trypanosomiasis, in Gabon and Central African Republic.
2005 – An American acquired trypanosomiasis in Tanzania.
2005 – Two South Africans acquired trypanosomiasis in Malawi.
2007 – A British national, 5 South Africans, 1 Canadian and two Australians acquired trypanosomiasis in Malawi.

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