The following background data on salmonellosis in Italy are abstracted from Gideon www.GideonOnline.com and the Gideon e-book series. [1,2]
Since 1990, decreasing rates of salmonellosis in Italy have been paralleled by a relative decrease in cases caused by Salmonella enteritidis – see graph  The number of salmonellosis outbreaks has also declined, from a high of 552 (3,495 cases) in 1992, to 107 (575 cases) in 2010.
19.2% of childhood diarrhea episodes in Italy
7.3% of pediatric hospitalizations for diarrhea in Rome (1985 publication)
22.9% of children with gastroenteritis presenting to a single hospital (Sondrio Province, Lombardi, 2003 to 2006)
34% of foodborne outbreaks in the Piedmont region (1,250 outbreaks of salmonellosis during 2002 to 2009)
11.1% of patients with acute diarrhea (2005)
0% of cheeses (2004)
0% of ready-to-eat salads from process lots (2006 to 2008)
2.2% of foods of animal origin (2001 to 2002)
1966 (publication year) – An outbreak of typhoid (302 cases) and other Salmonella infection s (60 cases) was reported.
1966 – An outbreak of Salmonella typhimurium infection was reported in Biella.
1974 (publication year) – An outbreak of Salmonella agona infection was reported.
1974 (publication year) – An outbreak of Salmonella typhimurium infection was reported.
1974 (publication year) – An outbreak of Salmonella enteritidis infection was reported in the area of Paterno (Catania).
1975 – An outbreak (23 cases) of Salmonella oranienburg infection in Rome was associated with a commercial air flight.
1982 – An outbreak (245 cases) of Salmonella napoli infection in England and Wales was caused by contaminated chocolate bars imported from Italy.
1987 – An outbreak of Salmonella typhimurium infection was reported in Palermo.
1987 – Outbreaks (2 outbreaks) of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Kottbus infection were reported in Lombardy.
1987 to 1988 – An outbreak (110 cases) of Salmonella wien infection was reported in a neonatal unit in Palermo.
1987 to 1988 – An outbreak of Salmonella typhimurium infections in Isernia was related to consumption of salsicce.
1989 to 1991 – Outbreaks of Salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar Bovismorbificans were reported in southern Italy.
1991 – Outbreaks (33 outbreaks) of egg-related Salmonella enteritidis infection were reported in northern and central Italy.
1993 (publication year) – An outbreak of Salmonella enteritidis infection was reported in a nursing home.
1994 – An outbreak (448 cases) of Salmonella hadar infection was associated with a canteen at a building site in central Italy.
1995 – An outbreak (83 cases) of Salmonella enterica Typhimurium infection in the Lombardy region was ascribed to contaminated salami.
1997 – An outbreak (29 cases, 12 hospitalized, 1 fatal) of Salmonella hadar infection was reported from a restaurant in Rimini – ascribed to roast rabbit.
1997 – An outbreak of Salmonella enteritidis PT3 infection was reported in northeastern Sardinia.
1998 (publication year) – An outbreak of Salmonella enteritidis PT4 infection in southern Italy was related to consumption of an egg-based dessert.
1998 – An outbreak (7 infants) of Salmonella bongori infection was reported in Sicily – source unknown.
1998 – An outbreak (9 cases) of Salmonella enteritidis infection was related to consumption of a commercially produced cheese.
1998 – An outbreak (13 cases) of Salmonella blockley infection in Germany was caused by eel imported from Italy.
1998 – An outbreak (several hundred cases) of Salmonella enteritidis infection in Benvenuto was associated with iced cake served at a religious festival.
1998 – An outbreak of Salmonella enteritidis infection among Japanese travelers returning from Italy was related to consumption of scrambled eggs in a hotel in Rome.
2000 (publication year) – An outbreak (113 cases) of Salmonella enteritidis infection in Bari was associated with an egg-based ice cream served at a wedding party.
2004 – An outbreak (63 cases) of Salmonella typhimurium DT 104A infection in the Rome region was associated with traditional pork salami.
2005 – An outbreak (22 cases) of Salmonella typhimurium DT 104 infection in Denmark was caused by raw beef carpacio imported from Italy.
2005 – An outbreak (153 cases) of Salmonella enterica serotype enteritidis infection was reported among school children in Florence.
2005 – An outbreak of Salmonella enterica serovar. enteritidis infection in Bari was ascribed to contaminated rice arancini.
2006 – An outbreak (13 cases) of Salmonella typhimurium infection in Sweden was caused by contaminated salami imported from Italy.
2007 – An outbreak (56 cases) of salmonellosis related to contaminated spaghetti at a hotel in Spain involved tourists from France, Italy, Spain, Romania, Czech Republic and Albania.
2007 – An outbreak (16 cases) of Salmonella enteritidis infection in Sicily was associated with eggs used to prepare pastry for a barbecue.
2008 – An outbreak (30 cases) of salmonellosis was reported among British tourists at a hotel in Brescia.
2010 – An outbreak (500 cases) of Salmonella enterica infection in France was related to ingestion of contaminated hamburger imported from Italy.
2011 – An outbreak of Salmonella enterica serovar. Strathcona infections in Denmark (43 cases), Germany (14 cases) and Austria (1 case) was related to contaminated tomatoes imported from Italy.
2012 (publication year) – An outbreak of Salmonella enterica subspecies enterica serovar Berta infection was reported.
1. Berger SA. Infectious Diseases of Italy, 2012. 486 pages, 113 graphs, 2696 references. Gideon e-books, http://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/country/infectious-diseases-of-italy/
2. Berger SA. Salmonellosis: Global Status.; Gideon e-books, 252 pages, 300 graphs, 2297 references. http://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/disease/salmonellosis-global-status/
3. Gideon graph tool at http://www.GIDEONonline.com/wp/wp-content/uploads/Gideon-Graphs.pps
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