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Archive for the ‘Graphs’ Category

Cryptosporidiosis in Ireland

The reported incidence of cryptosporidiosis in Ireland is higher than those of salmonellosis, shigellosis and giardiasis.  In fact, cryptosporidiosis is more common in this region than in the United States. [1,2]

 

References:

  1. Berger SA. Cryptosporidiosis – Global Status, 2017. 120 pages, 50 graphs, 1,699 references. Gideon e-books,  https://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/disease/cryptosporidiosis-global-status/
  2. Gideon e-Gideon multi-graph tool,  https://www.gideononline.com/cases/multi-graphs/

Rickettsial Spotted Fever: United States vs. Brazil

A higher case / fatality ratio for reported spotted fever cases in Brazil vs. the United States suggests that the Brazilian strain of Rickettsia rickettsii is more virulent.  In the following charts I’ve compared data for disease incidence and deaths for each of the countries, and contrasted death rates per 100,000 population. [1,2]

References:

  1. Berger S. Infectious Diseases of Brazil, 571 pages, 120 graphs, 5,552 references. Gideon e-books, https://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/country/infectious-diseases-of-brazil/
  2. Gideon e-Gideon multi-graph tool,  https://www.gideononline.com/cases/multi-graphs/

Salmonellosis Rates in Western Europe

In 1993, reported rates of salmonellosis in France and bordering countries ranged from approximately 18-to-240 per 100,000.  By 2003, corresponding figures had narrowed to 15-to-120 per 100,000,  and as of 2016 were only 8-to-30 per 100,000.  (see graph) [1,2]

References:

  1. Berger S. Salmonellosis: Global Status, 2017. 324 pages, 302 graphs, 3,559 references. Gideon e-books, https://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/disease/salmonellosis-global-status/
  2. Gideon e-Gideon multi-graph tool,  https://www.gideononline.com/cases/multi-graphs/

Diphtheria in Bangladesh and Myanmar

An outbreak of diphtheria has been reported in Bangladesh among Royingya refugees from Myanmar – two countries which have experienced similar histories of disease incidence and vaccination uptake for several decades (see graph). [1,2]

References:

  1. Berger S. Diphtheria: Global Status, 2017. 347 pages, 447 graphs, 533 references. Gideon e-books, https://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/disease/diphtheria-global-status/
  2. Gideon e-Gideon multi-graph tool,  https://www.gideononline.com/cases/multi-graphs/

Note featured on ProMED http://www.promedmail.org/post/5504240

Salmonellosis in Australia

Rates of salmonellosis in Australia have been increasing for many decades, and have been considerably higher than those reported in other English-speaking countries since 2000.  In fact, as evident in the following chart, disease incidence in neighboring New Zealand, the United States, Ireland, Canada and the United States have either leveled off or even decreased during this period.[1,2]

References:

  1. Berger S. Salmonellosis: Global Status, 2017. 324 pages, 302 graphs, 3,559 references. Gideon e-books, https://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/disease/salmonellosis-global-status/
  2. Berger SA. Infectious Diseases of Australia, 2017. 491 pages, 165 graphs, 2,982 references. Gideon e-books, https://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/country/infectious-diseases-of-australia/
  3. Gideon e-Gideon multi-graph tool,  https://www.gideononline.com/cases/multi-graphs/

Ross River Disease in Australia

In recent years, the incidence of Ross River disease in Australia has increased somewhat, with most cases reported from Queensland.  Rates in Western Australia and Northern Territory have not changed substantially. [1,2]  See graph:

References:

  1. Berger SA. Infectious Diseases of Australia, 2017. 491 pages, 165 graphs, 2,982 references, Gideon e-books, https://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/country/infectious-diseases-of-australia/
  2. Berger SA. Australo-Pacific Arboviruses: Global Status, 2017. 36 pages, 20 graphs, 401 references. Gideon e-books, https://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/disease/australo-pacific-arboviruses-global-status/

Note featured on ProMED

 

Venereal Diseases: Reporting Trends in Australia

Rates of gonorrhea and genital chlamydia infection in Australia have been increasing for several years  [1,2]  The following charts were generated by a tool in GIDEON which converts yearly incidence data into rates per 100,000, and combines graphs selected by the user. [3]   Note that trends in the United States parallel those of Australia, with lower rates for individual diseases reported in the latter. Rates (per 100,000)  of Granuloma Inguinale in Australia bear a striking resemblance to those reported in the U.S. a half-century earlier.

 

References:

  1. Berger SA. Infectious Diseases of Australia, 2017. 491 pages, 165 graphs, 2,982 references. Gideon e-books, https://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/country/infectious-diseases-of-australia/
  2. Berger SA. Infectious Diseases of the United States, 2017. 1,220 pages, 496 graphs, 14,855 references. Gideon e-books, https://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/country/infectious-diseases-of-the-united-states/
  3. Gideon multi-graph tool,  https://www.gideononline.com/cases/multi-graphs/

Note featured in ProMED

 

Venereal Diseases in Canada

For several decades, rates of gonorrhea, syphilis and genital chlamydia infection in Canada and the United States have followed similar trends. [1,2]  As with many other countries, the incidence of gonorrhea in the region fell precipitously following the appearance of AIDS during the 1980’s, but have been rebounding since 2000.  The following chart was generated by a tool in GIDEON which converts yearly incidence data into rates per 100,000, and combines graphs selected by the user. [3]

References:

  1. Berger SA. Infectious Diseases of Canada, 2017.  452 pages, 114 graphs, 3,091 references. Gideon e-books, https://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/country/infectious-diseases-of-canada/
  2. Berger SA. Infectious Diseases of the United States, 2017. 1,220 pages, 496 graphs, 14,855 references. Gideon e-books, https://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/country/infectious-diseases-of-the-united-states/
  3. Gideon multi-graph tool,  https://www.gideononline.com/cases/multi-graphs/

Note featured on ProMED

Tick-borne Encephalitis in France

The first case of Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in France was reported in 1968. Approximately 30 cases  were reported during 1968 to 1997 (virtually all from Alsace); and 64 cases (0 fatal) were reported in  the Alsace region during 1968 to 2005.  54 cases were confirmed nationwide during 2013 to 2016 – 48 autochthonous (including 43 in the Alsace region and 5 in the Alpine region) and 6 imported.

Cases were reported from Faverges and Grenoble in 2002, the Bordeaux area in 2006, and Strasbourg in 2016 (publication year).

Although rates in France are relatively low in comparison to those of other Western European countries, the yearly incidence of TBE almost trippled between 2014 to 2016.

 

Seroprevalence surveys:

1996 / individuals in eastern France / 8%

1996 / individuals in Lorraine / 1.6%

2008 (publication year) / workers exposed to tick bites in Eastern France / 3.4%

 

References:

  1. Berger SA. Infectious Diseases of France, 2017. 671 pages, 356 graphs, 2,588 references Gideon e-books, https://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/country/infectious-diseases-of-france/
  2. Berger SA. Tick-borne Encephalitis: Global Status, 2017. 75 pages, 45 graphs, 674 references Gideon e-books, https://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/disease/tick-borne-encephalitis-global-status/

Note featured in ProMED

 

Rabies and Leishmaniasis in Algeria

Although high rates of rabies and leishmaniasis in Boghni district, Algeria could reflect a common dog reservoir (http://www.promedmail.org/post/5379441) , reporting statistics on a national level do not suggest that the diseases are related.  See chart:

Note featured in ProMED

 

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