Unfortunately, there is no vaccine to protect against iGAS or GAS infections. This situation concerns healthcare professionals because streptococcus Group A bacteria are demonstrating signs of antibiotic resistance.
However, other preventive measures can help minimize the spread.
Good hygiene practices
Wash your hands with soap and water for at least twenty seconds. This is particularly necessary after coughing, sneezing, using the bathroom, or touching potentially contaminated surfaces.
Use hand sanitizers with at least 60% alcohol when soap and water are not readily available. Avoid touching your face, especially eyes, nose, and mouth, with unwashed hands.
Cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze; avoid using your hands. Use a tissue or your elbow to minimize the risk of spread.
Dispose of used tissues in a closed container and wash your hands immediately. Minimize interactions with individuals who have respiratory infections, such as the flu or a cold.
Properly clean and care for any cuts, scrapes, or wounds to prevent bacterial entry. Keep wounds covered with a clean bandage until they heal.
Practice preventive health measures to build immunity
Eat a balanced diet and get regular exercise and adequate sleep to support a robust immune system. Manage chronic conditions under medical supervision.
Avoid sharing personal items
Do not share items like towels, razors, or eating utensils with others.
Vaccination against other respiratory infections
Consider getting vaccinated against vaccine-preventable diseases, such as influenza (flu) and pneumococcal infections, which can reduce the risk of secondary infections.
Receive prompt medical attention
If you develop symptoms like fever, severe pain, skin changes, or any signs of infection, seek immediate medical attention. Early diagnosis and treatment are important to manage iGAS infections effectively.
These measures can help reduce the risk of iGAS infections and their complications. However, complete prevention cannot be guaranteed due to the presence of Group A Streptococcus bacteria in the environment.