Types of Mycoplasma Bacteria: Mycoplasma Pneumoniae, Mycoplasma Genitalium, and More
The Mycoplasma bacterium, Mycoplasma pneumonia, was first discovered in 1898. It causes atypical pneumonia. Atypical pneumonia affects the lower respiratory tract and is often milder than regular or typical pneumonia. It is also known as ‘walking pneumonia’ since infected individuals are rarely hospitalized and can continue to perform their daily activities. Mycoplasma genitalium is another species of concern that causes sexually transmitted infections. Other commonly known Mycoplasma bacteria are Mycoplasma hominis, Mycoplasma fermentans, Mycoplasma penetrans, and Ureaplasma urealyticum. Ureaplasma is another species of Mollicutes that cause gynecologic infections .
Additionally, many species of Mycoplasma live harmoniously in human bodies and are not a risk for infection except in immune-compromised individuals. These bacteria are known as ‘commensals’ – they are parasitic and need to depend on the human host entirely to survive. If the host dies, they die. As a result, the survival of their hosts is often in their best interests. There are 14 human commensals and pathogens identified .