In 2019, several Canadian tourists acquired histoplasmosis while exploring caves in Cuba. The Gideon database maintains an ongoing record of all cross-border Infectious Diseases events, including importation of animals and foods associated with zoonotic disease. [1-3]
As of 2019, 76 episodes of histoplasmosis had been associated with travel, involving at least 574 individual cases (8 fatal). 18 of these events were related to cave exposure, including two involving caves in Cuba. Four publications described acquisition of histoplasmosis by Canadian travelers – two involving cave exposure.
In the following screen-shot, the frame to the left displays an interactive chronicle of cross-border histoplasmosis. Users can sort data by year of event, country of exposure / origin, etc. In this example I’ve selected “Setting” in order to study cases related to “cave exposure.” Additional details and electronically-linked references appear when the user clicks on “Show event notes”
- Gideon Online. www.GideonOnline.com
- Berger S. Histoplasmosis: Global Status, 2019. Gideon e-books, https://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/disease/histoplasmosis-global-status/
- Berger S. GIDEON Guide to Cross Border Infections, 2019. 256 pages, 134 tables, 4,543 references. https://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/travel/
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