GIDEON Reviews and Quotes

Journal of the Royal Society: InterfaceWe encoded, summarized and analysed a 33-year dataset (1980–2013) of 12 102 outbreaks of 215 human infectious diseases, comprising more than 44 million total cases occurring in 219 nations (table 1). The data are curated as prose records of confirmed outbreaks in the Global Infectious Disease and Epidemiology Online Network (GIDEON)
Global rise in human infectious disease outbreaks, Journal of the Royal Society Interface, 2014
Referenced in Kommersant (Russian)

PLoS Neglected Tropical DiseasesOccurrence records for mycetoma cases were obtained from published scientific literature via the PubMed database (; we also used mycetoma data deposited in the GIDEON database ( Studies were selected if they described positive mycetoma cases, and were referred to specific geographic locations that could be georeferenced precisely.
Mapping the Potential Risk of Mycetoma Infection in Sudan and South Sudan Using Ecological Niche Modeling, PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 2014

Straight.comRats are the doyens of zoonotic disease. There are 352 generic human infections in the world today; rodents carry 85 of them that can cross the species barrier, according to Dr. Steve Berger, cofounder of California-based GIDEON, a global infectious-diseases database for health professionals.
Vancouver rat infestation raises health concerns,, 2014

MT-Cover-headerI was able to find my way around the information quickly and easily … it is a comprehensive reference book that provides up-to-date accessible information. This format may particularly benefit those accessing it via a mobile phone. I can understand why it would work well in a clinical setting too.
Review of GIDEON Guide to Antimicrobial Agents, SGM Microbiology Today, 2014

RoyalSocietyA total of 347 infectious diseases of clinical importance were selected for review based on the GIDEON database, accessed November 2010. GIDEON is an infectious disease information and diagnostic resource available online through subscription that derives its content from a range of sources including formal peer-reviewed journals and informal sources such as Ministry of Health reports.
Global mapping of infectious disease, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, 2013

Based on the Global Infectious Disease and Epidemiology Network (GIDEON), a global database including water-associated pathogens and diseases was developed.
Global distribution of outbreaks of water-associated infectious diseases, PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 2012

GIDEON e-Books are an encyclopedia of infectious diseases across countries worldwide. They are continually updated and represent the only texts of their kind. They complement the excellent GIDEON on-line diagnostic tool and are a great addition to a library for those practicing infectious diseases, public health, global health, and even primary care.
GIDEON e-Books, Journal of Travel Medicine, 2011

Every infectious diseases program should have a subscription to Gideon, Dr. Keystone said. Plug in the pertinent facts regarding a case and Gideon spits out the complete differential diagnosis, with the possibilities rank-ordered and accompanying treatment recommendations. Physicians can obtain a free 15-day trial through the website. “Gideon is probably the best geographic, computer-based, online program for infectious diseases that I know of. You don’t have to be smart to know everything about tropical medicine. If you’re looking for something to help you diagnose tropical diseases, this would be the one,” he said.
Fever in Returned Traveler: Think Malaria First, Family Practice News, 2011

Dengue endemicity was based on information from The Global Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology Online Network
Emerging Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control, 2011

“[GIDEON] has now developed the GIDEON e-books system. This massive database, 411 books with 95,000 pages, presents material in 2 formats, by country and by infectious disease. Data are culled from papers published in journals, textbooks, Health Ministry publications, and materials from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization.”
GIDEON E‐Books System, Clinical Infectious Diseases, 2010

Proceedings B of The Royal SocietyWe compiled data on the number of human pathogens, including bacteria, viruses, helminthes and protists in each country or territory. Data were extracted from the Global Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology Network (GIDEON) database … GIDEON is a medical database that provides continually updated data on the regional presence and the status of pathogens. The database has been used in a variety of recent studies of the consequences and patterns of pathogen richness and prevalence (Guernier et al. 2004; Smith et al. 2007; Fincher & Thornhill 2008a,b; Fincher et al. 2008). Globally, the GIDEON database includes 347 pathogens of humans.
Global drivers of human pathogen richness and prevalence, Proceedings B of the Royal Society, 2010

Reported cases of salmonella in the United States rose in the late 1980s and early 1990s but have gone down since, according to Gideon Informatics Inc., a firm that tracks infectious disease trends. Lately salmonella cases have been holding steady at around 15 to 16 per 100,000 Americans annually, the company’s data shows.
Mystery of tainted pistachios could take weeks to solve, Sacramento Bee, 2009

“…there is no doubt that travel medicine practitioners, infectious disease physicians and microbiologists in need of a serious database will have to consider Gideon”
GIDEON database, Travel Medicine and Infectious Diseases, 2009

Gideon: a jewel among information resources on infectious diseases in the Web (Spanish)
Acimed, 2008

“Conclusion. The performance of GIDEON in diagnosing imported fever is relatively good and reproducible …”
Evaluation of the GIDEON Expert Computer Program for the Diagnosis of Imported Febrile Illnesses,
Medical Decision Making, 2008

We acquired human pathogen richness scores (number of all infectious diseases listed) for all contemporary countries/territories worldwide listed in the Global Infectious Disease and Epidemiology Network (GIDEON; April–August 2007. GIDEON is a continually updated database available to the medical community and researchers. GIDEON has been used lately to explore the ecological correlates (Guernier et al. 2004) and globalization of human diseases (Smith et al. 2007). … We used GIDEON’s three-point scale of parasite prevalence (3=endemic, 2=sporadic and 1=not endemic) based on distribution maps provided in GIDEON.
Assortative sociality, limited dispersal, infectious disease and the genesis of the global pattern of religion diversity, Proceedings B of the Royal Society, 2008

“Data were obtained from the Global Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology Online Network (, which reports current distributions of infectious diseases in each country of the world.”
Pathogen prevalence predicts human cross-cultural variability in individualism/collectivism, Proceedings B of the Royal Society, 2008

Ecology“GIDEON is a subscription-based diagnostic and reference web application that provides extensive geographic and epidemiological information for 332 human infectious agents.”
Globalization Of Human Infectious Disease, Ecology, 2007

“Presumed identification of Actinobacillus suis was confirmed by the Global Infectious Diseases & Epidemiology Network (GIDEON) software (100%)”
Clinical Microbiology Newsletter, 2006

Journal of Electronic Resources in Medical Libraries“GIDEON is an online database that definitely has a place and is (arguably) a necessity in today’s climate of rising infectious diseases and infectious disease warfare. GIDEON is also a great tool to foster diligent diagnosis of infectious diseases and attention to appropriate antibiotic or drug therapy which can impact the fight against resistant organisms.”
Journal of Electronic Resources in Medical Libraries, 2006

“GIDEON … is an interactive software tool for diagnosis and reference of infectious disease, tropical disease, and bioterrorism. It also includes information on epidemiology, microbiology, and antimicrobial chemotherapy.”
Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 2006

“…an intellectual tour de force for helping physicians quickly and successfully respond to the diagnostic and therapeutic problems of seeing patients with infectious illnesses that either are intrinsically complex or may have originated in unfamiliar, foreign settings. In times when exotic travel brings exotic diseases into our offices, GIDEON provides world-class consultation. It continues to be the best designed expert program I have seen for medical practice.”
Vincent J. Felitti, MD, Reviewer for JAMA, 2005

“GIDEON is an up-to-date and comprehensive resource for Geographic Medicine”
International Journal of Health Geographics, 2005 (PDF)

“…The programme is robust. Data are culled from Medline searches, meeting reports, WHO publications, etc, and are updated weekly. It is also easy to navigate, and allows users to enter personal notes…”
The Lancet Infectious Diseases 2005

… GIDEON is a useful program that makes optimal use of the World Wide Web, with regard to both the access to and the presentation of data for the infectious diseases community.
Clinical Infectious Diseases (PDF), 2005

… the correct diagnoses appeared on the differential diagnosis lists for 91% of the cases … we believe that GIDEON is a novel and potentially powerful tool in infectious disease diagnosis.
Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease, 2005

… a total of 332 different human pathogens, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, and helminths distributed across 224 nations. Epidemiological data on PID species were extracted from the Global Infectious Diseases and Epidemiology Network database.
Plos Biology, 2004

“All potential bioterrorism agents as specified by CDC are included in the GIDEON knowledge base” from Evaluating Detection and Diagnostic Decision Support Systems for Bioterrorism Response
Emerging Infectious Diseases, CDC, 2004

… using an online diagnostic program called GIDEON … entering Alexander [the Great]’s symptoms – respiratory infection, liver disorder, rash – plus the link with birds, “the answer was West Nile, 100%”, says Calisher.
Nature, The Guardian, 2003 (also in Discovery, Grani, Le Scienze)

When Alexander’s clinical symptoms were listed on GIDEON (Global Infectious Diseases and EpidemiOlogy Network) …
Emerging Infectious Diseases, Center for Disease Control, 2003

“… we used GIDEON (Global Infectious Disease & EpidemiOlogy Network), a software program containing caseload and diagnostic data on over 300 diseases for more than 200 countries, gathered from WHO statistics, journals and periodicals, and national health ministries”
Climate Research, 2003 (PDF)

“GIDEON is the epitome of its genre. If you are a clinician having any contact with infectious diseases, working in a microbiology laboratory … the Global Infectious Disease and Epidemiology Network is worth examining. This important program deserves widespread attention.”
Vincent J. Felitti, MD, JAMA, 2002

“GIDEON … is an excellent tool for teaching and practical case solving, since it gives an exhaustive list of all possible diagnoses”
Journal of Travel Medicine, 2003 (PDF)

“Often, distinctive physical findings are not seen in returning travelers … A commercially-available diagnostic program, GIDEON can help in tabulating findings and providing differential diagnoses.”
Lancet I Lancet II, 2003

GIDEON cited in ProMED over 400 times since 1995
Search for “GIDEON” to see all the articles

“This program is highly recommended for travel medicine, tropical medicine, and infectious disease practitioners, particularly those residing in teaching institutions.”
American Society of Microbiology, 2002

“GIDEON covers over 330 infectious and parasitic diseases from over 205 countries … This computer-driven Bayesian matrix can help diagnose most of the world’s infectious diseases based on the signs, symptoms, and laboratory findings that users enter for their patients.”
Journal of Biomedical Informatics, 2001 (PDF)

“…the most comprehensive tropical medicine database available…”
Clinical Infectious Diseases, 2001

“A slow-growing mucoid bacteria was identified as K rhinoscleromatis … by the GIDEON program”
Chest, 2000

GIDEON, a computer program for diagnosis…
Emerging Infectious Diseases, CDC, 2000

“This program does what textbooks cannot, and does it well.”
Journal of Travel Medicine, 1999

“The correct diagnosis appeared in 95% of cases…”
Infectious Disease Clinical Practices, 1998

“In five cases, the GIDEON diagnostic module correctly supplied a leading diagnosis not considered by the admitting team”
Clinical Infectious Diseases, 1998

“Anyone who has never used a good artificial intelligence program would do well to start at the top with GIDEON”
JAMA, 1997

GIDEON provides information on Cholera
Journal of Travel Medicine, 1997

Listing of GIDEON in German Medical Software magazine
Deutsches Ärzteblatt’s Praxis Computer

The original GIDEON paper, 1993 (PDF as published in the Journal of Travel Medicine, 1995)

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The 1997 Pro-MED Mail Award was awarded to Steve Berger, GIDEON Medical Advisory Board Member.

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