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Diseases

The Diseases tab in the Infectious Diseases module generates lists and information boxes relevant to every Infectious Disease – both globally and within all relevant countries.

Diseases is divided into two columns. On the left is a list of diseases, and buttons to select Fingerprint, Synonyms, or Graphs. The right column consists of four tabs, General, Distribution, Images and Clinical on top, and a Personal Notes section on the bottom.

Information includes local agents, vectors, vehicles, reservoirs, and country-specific determinants for disease occurrence; individual notes describing: the historical background of each disease, its distribution by continent, region, country or even district; Countries that are endemic or potentially endemic for any given disease; Number of cases reported.

The diseases tab also explores the interaction of pathogen, vector, reservoir, and vehicle. With it, you can review disease groups which fit selected epidemiological patterns within any given country.

The user may generate a list of diseases which are compatible with user-defined parameters within a given country; or fit a given “fingerprint” consisting of two or more specified epidemiological determinants (e.g., bacteria transmitted by flies; or parasites of cattle acquired from food).

Images and a Clinical background of the diseases are provided as well.

Fingerprint

The diseases Fingerprint is a valuable tool for the diagnostician. It can be used to create disease profiles and to generate reports on the status of diseases in any country.

The user employs the diseases Fingerprint button to generate a list of diseases that fit an epidemiological profile. The following pull down lists are displayed:

  • Agent – Classification (e.g., virus, parasite) and taxonomic designation.
  • Vector – An arthropod or other living carrier which transports an infectious agent from an infected organism or reservoir to a susceptible individual or immediate surroundings.
  • Vehicle – The mode of transmission for an infectious agent. This generally implies a passive and inanimate (i.e., non-vector) mode.
  • Reservoir – Any animal, arthropod, plant, soil or substance in which an infectious agent normally lives and multiplies, on which it depends primarily for survival, and where it reproduces itself in such a manner that it can be transmitted to a susceptible host.
  • Country – In general, this list of country names corresponds to accepted geographical and political designations. Click to display country synonyms.

Fingerprint has the following buttons:

  • Reset – Reverts to the original diseases list.
  • Compares selected diseases.
  • E-mails results.
  • Prints results.

Synonyms

The Synonyms button lists disease synonyms. This list also includes indexing terms, outdated disease names and disease names in other languages (Swedish, French, Polish, German, et al). Click on the alternate name for a disease to jump to the relevant designation in GIDEON.

Graphs

The Graphs button allows the user to create a chart comparing multiple data graphs.

Graphs allows the user to compare diseases using multiple data graphs.  The disease lists can be sorted by either Country or Disease name.  To compare selected diseases the user simply selects the relevant graphs (located in the lower lefthand box) to be compared, and presses the  button.

An example of a disease comparison graph is displayed below:

General

The Diseases tab displays ten information fields for the selected disease:

  • Agent: Classification (e.g., virus, parasite) and taxonomic designation.
  • Reservoir: Any animal, arthropod, plant, soil or substance in which an infectious agent normally lives and multiplies, on which it depends primarily for survival, and where it reproduces itself in such a manner that it can be transmitted to a susceptible host.
  • Vector: An arthropod or other living carrier which transports an infectious agent from an infected organism or reservoir to a susceptible individual or immediate surroundings.
  • Vehicle: The mode of transmission for an infectious agent. This generally implies a passive and inanimate (i.e., non-vector) mode.
  • Incubation Period: The time elapsed between acquisition of an infectious agent and onset of signs or symptoms. The maximum and minimum published figures are usually indicated, rather than the “usual” incubation period.
  • Clinical Hints: A capsule summary of key signs and symptoms.
  • Diagnostic Tests: Commonly used laboratory tests and other procedures used in diagnosis.
  • Typical Adult Therapy: Typical therapy and dosage assuming no contraindications, normal renal and hepatic function, etc.
  • Typical Pediatric Therapy: Typical therapy and dosage assuming no contraindications, normal renal and hepatic function, etc. Note: This regimen may not be applicable to infants.
  • Synonym list: Displays synonyms for the listed disease, including ICD9 and ICD10 codes.

Distribution

The Distribution tab displays country-relevant information on the diseases in GIDEON’s database, including the following:

  • List of all countries which are currently or recently endemic for the disease in question, including countries having high endemic potential by virtue of a common border with a known endemic country and favorable epidemiological environment.
  • Symbols appear to the right of the country name:
    + indicates country is endemic or potentially endemic.
    @ indicates country-specific note is available.
  • Country Notes provide detailed referenced information regarding the selected disease including information regarding the disease’s history, incidence, distribution and graphs.
  • Map Shows world map marking endemic countries. See Maps.
  • Outbreak Lists of outbreaks for disease by year and by country. See Outbreaks.
  • Surveys Displays disease surveys. See Epidemiology prevalence surveys.

Malaria

The list of countries reporting malaria indicates the status of those endemic for chloroquine-sensitive malaria (S) and chloroquine-resistant malaria (R). The number of countries having the defined malaria status is displayed above the country list. For example:
Chloroquine resistant (R) falciparum malaria is endemic to 81 countries. Chloroquine-sensitive (S) malaria is endemic to 29 countries.

Images

The Images tab contains over 4,000 disease images: skin lesions, roentgenograms, photomicrographs, pathogen life cycles … and much more !

This is an example screenshot of the Images tab when Leprosy is selected:

Clicking on an image will open the full-sized image in a new window, along with additional information and source.

Clinical

The Clinical tab tab, provides a referenced clinical summary on the signs, symptoms, laboratory abnormalities .. and more for every disease.

For example, the Clinical tab findings for Chikungunya:

Personal notes

The Personal Notes box appears in the lower right section of this window. The user can enter notes that will be associated with the disease.
For Institutional users, these notes may be altered only by administrator.

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