January 27th 2010
Infection by non-tuberculous mycobacteria is commonly associated with cosmetic surgery, therapeutic injections and other invasive procedures. The following is a list of notable outbreaks:
2007 to 2007 – An outbreak (28 cases) of Mycobacterium immunogenum infection in Buenos Aires was associated with mesotherapy.
2002 to 2004 – An outbreak (14 cases) of mycobacterial wound infection associated with silicone breast implant surgery was reported in Campinas, Sao Paulo.
2003 – An outbreak (5 cases) in Sao Paulo of keratitis due to Mycobacterium immunogenum was associated with myopia surgery.
2004 to 2005 – An outbreak (311 cases) of Mycobacterium abscessus infections in Belem was associated with invasive procedures. Mycobacterium massiliense and M. bolletii were also identified in some cases.
2006 to 2007 – An outbreak (1,051 clinical cases) of Mycobacterium massiliense infections involving 63 hospitals in Rio de Janeiro state was related to contaminated instruments used in video-assisted surgery.
2008 – An outbreak (13 cases) of Mycobacterium fortuitum infections in Sao Paulo was associated with breast implant surgery.