The first case of Tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in France was reported in 1968. Approximately 30 cases were reported during 1968 to 1997 (virtually all from Alsace); and 64 cases (0 fatal) were reported in the Alsace region during 1968 to 2005. 54 cases were confirmed nationwide during 2013 to 2016 – 48 autochthonous (including 43 in the Alsace region and 5 in the Alpine region) and 6 imported.
Cases were reported from Faverges and Grenoble in 2002, the Bordeaux area in 2006, and Strasbourg in 2016 (publication year).
Although rates in France are relatively low in comparison to those of other Western European countries, the yearly incidence of TBE almost trippled between 2014 to 2016.
1996 / individuals in eastern France / 8%
1996 / individuals in Lorraine / 1.6%
2008 (publication year) / workers exposed to tick bites in Eastern France / 3.4%
- Berger SA. Infectious Diseases of France, 2017. 671 pages, 356 graphs, 2,588 references Gideon e-books, https://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/country/infectious-diseases-of-france/
- Berger SA. Tick-borne Encephalitis: Global Status, 2017. 75 pages, 45 graphs, 674 references Gideon e-books, https://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/disease/tick-borne-encephalitis-global-status/
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