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Endemic Typhus in the United States

Although national reporting was discontinued as of 1994, endemic typhus was once the most common rickettsial infection in the United States. [1,2] (see graph).

19,663 cases of endemic typhus were reported during 1944 to 1953; 812 during 1954 to 1963; 315 during 1964 to 1973; 588 during 1974 to 1983; and only 447 during 1984 to 1993. Disease rates peaked during the 1930’s and 1940’s. In fact, 787 military personnel acquiring the disease 15 fatal) during World War II – 497 of these infected in the United States. [1,2]

(See the Graph tool tutorial at http://www.GIDEONonline.com/wp/wp-content/uploads/Gideon-Graphs.pps )

References:
1. Berger SA. Infectious Diseases of the United States, 2011. 1030 pp, 464 graphs, 8237 references. Gideon e-books, http://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/country/infectious-diseases-of-the-united-states/
2. Berger SA. Endemic Typhus Group: Global Status, 2011. 50 pp, 34 graphs, 185 references. Gideon e-books, http://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/disease/endemic-typhus-group-global-status/

Reported in ProMED

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