Archive for the ‘Ebooks’ Category

Campylobacteriosis in Iceland

Wednesday, August 6th, 2014

A recent posting in ProMED belies the fact that Iceland reports the lowest rates of campylobacteriosis in that region of Europe. [1-2] See graph [3] Note that an earlier outbreak (436 cases) was reported in 1999.

IcelandCampy

References:
1. Berger SA. Infectious Diseases of Iceland, 2014 371 pages, 75 graphs, 1,455 references. Gideon e-books, http://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/country/infectious-diseases-of-iceland/
2. Berger SA. Campylobacteriosis: Global Status, 2014 104 pages, 96 graphs, 1,073 references. Gideon e-books, http://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/disease/campylobacteriosis-global-status/
3. Gideon graph tool at http://www.gideononline.com/wp/wp-content/uploads/Gideon-Graphs.pps

Lyme Disease in New York

Monday, July 28th, 2014

The incidence of Lyme disese in New York State has changed little over the years, in contrast to increasing rates reported on a national level. [1,2] See graph

LymeUSvNY

References:
1. Berger SA. Infectious Diseases of the United States, 2014. 1145 pages, 478 graphs, 12,294 references. Gideon e-books, LymeUSvNY“>http://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/country/infectious-diseases-of-the-united-states/
2. Berger SA. Lyme Disease: Global Status, 2014. 77 pages, 66 graphs, 786 references. Gideon e-books, http://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/disease/lyme-disease-global-status/

Note featured on ProMED

Outbreaks of Non-tubercuous Mycobacterial Infection in the United States

Wednesday, July 23rd, 2014

The following chronology of nosocomial mycobacteriosis outbreaks in the United States is abstracted from Gideon www.GideonOnline.com and the Gideon e-book series. [1,2] Primary references available on request.

1987 – An outbreak (17 cases) of Mycobacterium chelonae otitis media was caused by contaminated water used by an ENT practice in Louisiana.
1988 – An outbreak (8 cases) of foot infections due to Mycobacterium chelonae subspecies abscessus infections were associated with a jet injector used in a podiatric office.
1989 to 1990 – An outbreak (16 cases) of sputum colonization by Mycobacterium fortuitum was reported among patients on an alcoholism rehabilitation ward in Washington, D.C.
1991 (publication year) – An outbreak (6 cases) of Mycobacterium fortuitum infection in Washington was associated with contaminated electromyography needles.
1995 to 1996 – An outbreak (87 cases) of postinjection abscesses due to Mycobacterium abscessus in several states was ascribed to an adrenal cortex extract.
1998 – An outbreak (6 cases) of Mycobacterium mucogenicum bacteremia among bone marrow transplant and oncology patients in Minnesota was related to contaminated water.
1999 – An outbreak (10 cases) of intra- and periarticular Mycobacterium abscessus infection in Texas was caused by contaminated benzalkonium chloride used for injection.
2000 to 2001 – An outbreak (110 cases) of skin infections due to Mycobacterium fortuitum was caused by contaminated footbaths in California nail salons.
2001 – An outbreak of Mycobacterium chelonae keratitis in California was associated with laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK).
2001 to 2002 – An outbreak of Mycobacterium simiae in a Texas hospital was related to contaminated tap water.
2002 – An outbreak (14 confirmed and 11 suspected cases) of soft tissue infections due to Mycobacterium abscessus followed injections of cosmetic substances administered by unlicensed practitioners in New York City.
2002 – An outbreak (115 cases or more) of cutaneous infection by Mycobacterium fortuitum was associated with a contaminated footbath in a nail salon in California.
2002 (publication year) – An outbreak (34 cases) of Mycobacterium chelonae soft tissue infection in California was associated with liposuction.
2002 to 2003 – An outbreak (4 cases) of Mycobacterium chelonae infection among patients undergoing rhytidectomies in New Jersey was caused by a contaminated methylene blue solution.
2003 – An outbreak (3 cases) of Mycobacterium goodii infection was associated with surgical implants in a Colorado hospital.
2004 – An outbreak (12 cases) among Americans of soft tissue infections caused by Mycobacterium abscessus following cosmetic surgery performed at various clinics in the Dominican Republic.
2004 – An outbreak (143 cases) of mycobacterial skin and soft tissue infection (presumed M. fortuitum) was reported among persons attending nail salons in California.
2008 – An outbreak (4 cases) of Mycobacterium mucogenicum bloodstream infections was reported among patients with sickle cell disease, in North Carolina.
2009 (publication year) – An outbreak (6 cases) of Mycobacterium chelonae infection was associated with a tattoo establishment.
2009 – An outbreak (2 cases, 1 confirmed) of Mycobacterium haemophilum skin infection was associated with a tattoo parlor in Washington State.
2011 (publication year) – An outbreak (3 cases) of Mycobacterium bolletii/M. massiliense furunculosis was associated with a nail salon in North Carolina.
2011 (publication year) – An outbreak of Mycobacterium abscessus infection was associated with outpatient rhytidectomies.
2011 – An outbreak (2 cases) of Mycobacterium haemophilum infection was reported among persons receiving tattoos in the Seattle, Washington region. {m 201108122444}
2011 (publication year) – An outbreak (11 cases) of Mycobacterium porcinum infection in a Texas hospital was related to contamination of drinking water.
2011 to 2012 – An outbreak (19 cases) of Mycobacterium chelonae infection involving multiple states was associated with contaminated ink used in tattoo parlors.
2011 to 2012 – An outbreak (15 cases) of infection by rapidly-growing mycobacteria was reported among pediatric hematopoietic cell transplant in a Minnesota hospital.
2013 – An outbreak (2 cases) of non-tuberculous mycobacterial infection was associated with fractionated CO2 laser resurfacing procedures performed at a clinic in North Carolina.
2013 to 2014 – An outbreak (19 cases) wound infection was reported among Americans who had traveled to the Dominican Republic for cosmetic surgery – including 12 due to Mycobacterium abscessus and 2 Mycobacterium fortuitum
2014 – An outbreak (15 cases, 4 fatal) of Mycobacterium abscessus infection in a South Carolina hospital was associated with contact of equipment with contaminated tap water.

References:
1. Berger SA. Infectious Diseases of the United States, 2014. 1145 pages, 478 graphs, 12,294 references. Gideon e-books, http://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/country/infectious-diseases-of-the-united-states/
2. Berger SA. Non-Tuberculous Mycobacteria: Global Status, 2014. 61 pages, 31 graphs, 584 references. Gideon e-books, http://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/disease/non-tuberculous-mycobacteria-global-status/

Note featured on ProMED

Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever and Travel

Saturday, July 5th, 2014

Reports of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF) related to travel are rare. The following chronology is abstracted from Gideon www.GideonOnline.com and the Gideon e-book series. [1]

1985 – South Africa ex. Democratic Republic of Congo (fatal).
1986 – South Africa ex. Tanzania (nonfatal)
1997 – An English traveler died of probable CCHF contracted in Zimbabwe.
2001 – A German tourist acquired Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Bulgaria.
2004 – A case of imported Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (nonfatal) was reported in a traveler returning to France from Senegal. Infection in a second French national was diagnosed locally in Senegal.
2009 – An American soldier died in a hospital in Germany after contracting Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Afghanistan.
2011 – An outbreak (4 cases) in a Pakistan hospital was related to an index patient who had arrived from Afghanistan.
2012 – A patient died of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Scotland following acquisition of the disease in Afghanistan.
2013 – A woman died of Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Uganda following contact with her infected husband in South Sudan.
2014 – A British traveler acquired Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Bulgaria.

Reference:
1. Berger SA. Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever: Global Status, 2014. 41 pages, 21 graphs, 658 references. Gideon e-books, http://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/disease/crimean-congo-hemorrhagic-fever-global-status/

Note featured on ProMED

Deaths from Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Friday, June 27th, 2014

During 1961 to 1970, 207 deaths were ascribed to Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF); and an estimated 612 patients died of the disease during 1983 to 1998. The highest mortality, 50 cases, was reported in 1970. In recent years, the case-fatality rate for RMSF has remained fairly constant at 0.4% to 0.8%. Among the tick-borne infections, Lyme disease has now eclipsed RMSF as a cause of death in the United States – see graph [1, 2]

TickDeaths

References:
1. Berger SA. Infectious Diseases of the United States, 2014. 1145 pages, 478 graphs, 12294 references. Gideon e-books, http://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/country/infectious-diseases-of-the-united-states/
2. Gideon graph tool – http://www.gideononline.com/wp/wp-content/uploads/Gideon-Graphs.pps

Brucellosis Rates in Armenia

Monday, May 26th, 2014

The following graph summarizes rates of brucellosis in Armenia and neighboring countries. [1-3]

BrucellosisRates

References:
1. Berger SA. Infectious Diseases of Armenia, 2014. 383 pages. 82 graphs, 1,424 references. Gideon e-books, http://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/country/infectious-diseases-of-armenia/
2. Berger SA. Brucellosis: Global Status, 2014. 137 pages, 136 graphs, 1,137 references. Gideon e-books, http://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/disease/brucellosis-global-status/
3. Gideon graph tool – see http://www.gideononline.com/wp/wp-content/uploads/Gideon-Graphs.pps

Campylobacter and Yersinia in Scandinavia

Saturday, April 26th, 2014

The incidence of yersiniosis in Scandinavia has been declining in recent years, while that of campylobacteriosis continues to increase. Regional rates for both diseases exceed those reported for the European Union (see graph). [1-3]

YerCampScand

1. Berger SA. Campylobacteriosis: Global Status, 2014. 104 pages, 96 graphs, 1073 references. http://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/disease/campylobacteriosis-global-status/
2. Berger SA. Yersiniosis: Global Status, 2014. 59 pages, 59 graphs, 382 references. Gideon e-books, http://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/disease/yersiniosis-global-status/
3. Gideon graph tool – see http://www.gideononline.com/wp/wp-content/uploads/Gideon-Graphs.pps

Pasteurellosis in England and Wales

Sunday, April 20th, 2014

Few countries publish reports of Pasteurella multocida infection on a national level. The incidence of human pasteurellosis in the United Kingdom increased from 172 cases in 1972, to 426 in 2006 and 466 in 2007. Five fatal cases were reported during 1993 to 2006. Reporting trends for P. multicida infection in England and Wales are depicted in the following graph:

Pmultocida-UK

Reference:
1. Berger SA. Infectious Diseases of the United Kingdom, 2014. 1,154 pages, 959 graphs, 4,208 references. Gideon e-books,

Note featured on ProMED

Anaplasmosis in Germany

Sunday, April 20th, 2014

The following data on Anaplasmosis in Germany are abstracted from the Gideon e-book series. [1,2] (primary references available on request).

Prevalence surveys:
5.3% of rodents and 1% of Ixodes ricinus in Stuttgart (2008 publication)
3.2% of Ixodes ricinus adults and 2.3% of nymphs. 0.9% of infected ticks were found to carry Borrelia spp. (Hanover, 2011 publication)
61.8% of blood samples from European hedgehogs (Erinaceus europaeus), 73.4% of associated Ixodes ricinus and 26.6% of Ixodes hexagonus (2007 to 2008)
3.2% of bird-feeding and 1.1% of rodent-feeding ticks in central Germany (2007)
1.4% of bird-feeding Ixodes ricinus in middle Germany (2007)
2.6% of bird-feeding Ixodes ricinus on a conservation island in the Baltic Sea (2007)
2.6% of Ixodes ricinus ticks from wild birds in the Baltic region (2007)
4.5% of hard ticks in Hanover (2010)
3.6% of Ixodes ricinus in Hamburg (2011)
1.0% of Ixodes ricinus collected from vegetation on the Baltic coast (2008)
2.9% of questing Ixodes ricinus in Bavaria (2006)
8.7% of questing Ixodes ricinus in Leipzig (2009)
11.6% / 13.3% of adult female / male Ixodes ricinus females / males in Bavarian public parks in 2009; 8.5% / 9.2% in 2010
0% of questing adult Dermacentor reticulatus ticks in the outskirts of Berlin (2012 publication)
8.2% of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes and 23% of raccoon dogs (Nyctereutes procyonoides) in Brandenburg (2014 publication)
98.9% of roe deer (Capreolus capreolus) and 86.1% of engorged deer ticks (Bavaria, 2010 to 2012)

Seroprevalence surveys:
14.0% of forestry workers, 11.4% of Lyme disease patients, and 1.9% of blood donors in southern Germany (1983 to 1984)
5.5% of persons in the Rhine-Main area – including 13.1% of patients with Lyme disease in the same region (1999 publication)
4.9% of military personnel in southwestern Germany
15% of hunters in Styria and Burgenland (2003 publication)
4.5% of persons seropositive toward Borrelia burgdorferi, and 1.2% of seronegatives (Berlin/Brandenburg, 1994 to 2001)
50.1% of dogs under investigation for anaplasmosis (2006 publication)
19.4% of dogs in Munich (2012 publication)
43% of dogs in northeast Germany (2010 publication)
17.8% of imported and traveling dogs (2010 publication)
43.2% of symptomatic and asymptomatic dogs (2007 publication)
43.2% of hunting dogs in Baden-Wurttemberg region (2007)
16.2% of cats in Bavaria and Lower Saxony (2012 publication)
9.1% of cats in Berlin / Brandenburg (2012 publication)

References:
1. Berger SA. Infectious Diseases of Germany, 2014. 565 pages, 148 graphs, 3,318 references. Gideon e-books, http://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/country/infectious-diseases-of-germany/
2. Berger SA. Anaplasmosis: Global Status, 2014. 33 pages, 545 references. Gideon e-books, http://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/disease/anaplasmosis-global-status/

Note featured on ProMED

Angiostrongyliasis and Travel

Friday, April 11th, 2014

The following chronology of travel-associated angiostrongyliasis is abstracted from Gideon www.GideonOnline.com and the Gideon e-book series [1]

Four cases of angiostrongyliasis has been reported in Victoria, Australia as of 1999 – including three (one fatal) imported from Fiji.
1982 (publication year) – An outbreak (16 cases) was reported among Korean fisherman in American Samoa – traced to ingestion of giant African snails (Achatina fulica).
1984 (publication year) – Three cases of angiostrongyliasis acquired in Western Samoa were treated at a hospital in New Zealand.
1988 – A French traveler acquired angiostrongyliasis in Tahiti.
1995 – A Swiss traveler acquired angiostrongyliasis in Tahiti.
1996 – A French traveler acquired angiostrongyliasis in Tahiti.
1998 – An outbreak (6 cases) was reported among Thai laborers in Taiwan.
1999 – An outbreak was reported among Thai laborers in Taiwan.
1999 – A patient with angiostrongyliasis was transferred from Fiji to Australia, for treatment.
2000 – An outbreak (12 cases) among American tourists was caused by eating contaminated Caesar salad in Jamaica. An additional American tourist acquired the infection in Jamaica during 2001. 2001 (publication year) – Angiostrongyliasis was confirmed in an American tourist who had returned from Tonga.
2002 – A French traveler acquired angiostrongyliasis in Tahiti.
2004 (publication year) – Angiostrongyliasis was confirmed in a Swiss traveler who had returned from Cuba.
2006 – A Croatian seaman acquired angiostrongyliasis during travel to Malaysia and Singapore.
2006 – A German traveler acquired angiostrongyliasis in the Dominican Republic.
2007 (publication year) – Eosinophilic meningitis reported in an Italian traveler to Santo Domingo.
2007 – A British traveler acquired angiostrongyliasis in Thailand.
2008 (publication year) – A Belgian traveler acquired angiostrongyliasis while traveling through Latin America and Fiji.
2008 (publication year) – An outbreak (5 cases) of angiostrongyliasis was reported among French policemen who had worked in French Polynesia.
2009 (publication year) – A German traveler acquired angiostrongyliasis in Thailand.

Reference:
1. Berger S. Angiostrongyliasis: Global Status, 2014. Gideon e-books, http://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/disease/angiostrongyliasis-global-status/