The following background is abstracted from Gideon www.GideonOnline.com and the Gideon e-book series. [1,2]
Most cases of Chikungunya in the Philippines are reported in the center and south of the country.
– Epidemics were reported in 1954, 1956, 1968 and 1985 to 1986.
– In 1986, an outbreak (3 cases) of Chikungunya was reported among U.S. Peace Corps volunteers stationed in the Philippines (Mindanao, Cebu and Mashbate).
– In 2009, several Filipino tourists acquired Chikungunya in Thailand.
– Cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) are implicated as reservoirs in this country.
Seropositivity toward a related agent, Getah virus, has been reported among humans on Palawan, without signs of overt infection.
– Getah virus has also been identified in Nueva Ecija Province.
1. Berger SA. Infectious Diseases of the Philippines, 2012. 389 pages, 74 graphs, 1588 references. Gideon e-books, http://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/country/infectious-diseases-of-the-philippines/
2. Berger SA. Chikungunya and Zika: Global Status, 2012. 43 pages, 12 graphs, 1154 references. Gideon e-books, http://www.gideononline.com/ebooks/disease/chikungunya-and-zika-global-status/
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